Yuma County, Colorado

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Kit Carson County Pioneer Photographs:

John William and Mary Annora "Nora" (Broadsword) Outhet

Garbet ( Garbutt ) OuthetGarbet Outhet was born 21st November 1816 in Scarborough, England. He came to Canada with his parents, John Outhet and Jane Garbet (Garbutt) in 1820-23. We believe that sometime before 1839 he moved with his parents to Mellenry County, Illinois. It was there that he married Matilda Elizabeth Porter Billings on 11th May 1849. She was born in 1804 in the Green Mountains of Vermont and died 08/021903 at 98 years of age, buried in Marysville, Marshall County, Kansas, probably. That is where certificate of death was issued. Garbet and Matilda moved from McHenry County, Ill. to Baraboo, Suak County, Wisconsin shortly after they were married as they are listed on the 1850 census taken there on 13/09/1850 and there first daughter, Jane, was born there on 27/03/1850. They evidently lived in Suak County, Wisconsin until about 1857 then moved to Iowo County, Wisconsin, (which is just south of Suak County), as Mary H. Outhet was born there in Iowa County on 21/11/1858 (or she may have been born on the way to Nebraska) as they were living in Gage County, Nebraska in 1863 when Sophia Lucy "Kate" Outhet was born on 12/08/1863. Garbet and Matilda lived in this same general area the rest of their lives. Even though records show them living in Marshall County, Kansas in 1872, this is fairly close to the place they lived in Nebraska. By 1876-78 they were back in Nebraska living on their Homestead on the Otoe Indian Reservation. In 1868 they had moved to Marshall County, Kansas, locating on a farm near Oketo, Kansas. In 1872 or 73 when Garbet's family was living in Kansas and John William Outhet was about 16 or 17 years old, there was an old Indian who would just come walking into their home without even knocking. He would go to where Garbet had his pipe, pick it up, smoke all the tobacco in it and then leave. When he would come Matilda would just stand with the kids behind her and not say or do anything until he left. One day John William put some gunpowder in with the tobacco and when the old Indian came by for a smoke, it exploded. It didn't hurt the indian, but it scared him enough that he didn't even come back. In 1876 there was an act of Congress which allowed people to file for homesteads on the OTOE and MISSOURIA Indian reservations. Garbet filed for one and in 1878 the family was living on land located in the OTOE Indian Reservation in Gage County, Nebraska..
In 1875 Marshall County, Kansas, G. Outhet is 63, Matilda 59, John 19, Mary 15, Sophia 12, Eliza 12.

In 1895 Phillips County, Kansas, Isreal Broadsword is 48, Amy 39, with Nora 17, Jasper 15, Geo 9, Frank 6, William 3, and Earl four months, all kids born in Kansas.

1963 "No Place For Meek

Echoes of the rugged days when Western Kansas was a frontier are heard in a letter received by Mrs. Fred I. Hoppe, Agra. The letter was written by Mrs. Hoppe's uncle, W. S. Broadsword, Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, in answer to her inquiry about her grandfather, Israel Broadsword, a Kansas pioneer in the grand tradition. Israel Broadsword homesteaded south of Kirwin in the 1870s. According to the letter, Broadsword moved to Kansas with his family in 1856 when he was 10 years old. His early life was spent in Troy, in the far northeast corner of the state. Here he worked in a trading post and got acquainted with quite a few mountain men such as Kit Carson, James Bridger and James Beck with. "Your grandfather said that Kit Carson was quiet, soft spoken man with sandy hair and whiskers and blue eyes. He was of medium height and weighed about 160 pounds," relates the letter. "He said that of all the mountain men, "Old Jim Bridger was the hell raising one of them all and the toughest. However, he was honest and square. "He saw Jim Beckwith before and after his historic 80 mile run from the hostile Indians. Though he escaped, it left him crippled from the terrific strain that had been put on his legs.
Young Gunman "Your grandfather was in the thick of the Kansas border troubles," the letter continues, "learning to carry and use a gun when he was 13 years old. He was bitter against slavery after attending an auction in St. Joseph, Mo., where a young slave mother was separated from her baby of a few months. She was sold to a different buyer and the new owner drove her down the street with a blacksnake whip."
A Veteran After the border quieted down, Broadsword enlisted in the 51st Missouri Infantry and served in the Civil War. In fact, the letter states that he was awarded several medals, one of which he did not receive until 80 years later in 1943. After the war he served with Gen. George A. Custer in the 15th Kansas Volunteer Cavalry durng the winter campaigns of 1868-69 against the Cheyenne Indians.
Indian Fighter Says the letter, "The Cheyenne had been raiding the Republican and Solomon river settlers, getting as far east as Concordia. They killed and burned homes, captured several women and children." The 39th set out to free them and return the Indians to the reservation, however, the supply train missed the trail. For 27 days the soldiers subsisted on horse and mule beef from the animals that died on the trail; then, for 9 days they had no food of any kind. They continued their mission, despite the terrific handicap and soon had the Indians back on the reservation and the prisoners freed.
In 187l Broadsword homesteaded on Medicine Creek in the southeast corner of Phillips county "near a trading post called Kirwin. He freighted goods from Ft Hays by ox team to Kirwin for several years. The editors of the Kirwin Independent newspaper at that time were W. D. and T. J. Jenkins, cousins of of Broadsword's wife. They were both veterans of the Civil War. T. J. had been a prisoner at Andersonville and remained in poor health thereafter. "Your grandfather's homestead cabin was part dugout," explains the letter, "with rock walls and heavy ridgepoles to hold up the dirt covered roof. It had a stovepipe and two little windows. "One day a herd of stampeding buffalo came through the area missing the cabin by only a few yards. If they had hit it, no doubt, your grandfather would have had more buffalo than he wanted."

Bands of Indians still roamed the area at this time. The letter tells of one incident involving such roving red men. Brave Woman "One day while your grandfather was away on a freighting trip to Ft. Hays, a small bench of Indians came through. They were not hostile, but just begging for food. Your grandmother refused to feed them and they became angry. "A squaw came in the dugout picked up the baby and threatened to kill it. Your Irish grandmother grabbed up a butcher knife and held onto the papoose on the squaw's back. They eyed each other and then the Squaw put the baby down. "
The Indians then went about a quarter of a mile down the creek and butchered a neighbor's milk cow. "When your grandfather came home that eight and heard about the incident he got several neighbors to go with him after the Indians. They picked up the trail and caught them about 30 miles away. They came home that night with half a dozen ponies in payment for the cow. Knowing Ike mea wMh your grandfather a* d*«M t h e ·4*«w aad fapwse wen *« ··ly MKS ta waft away wtth M TV a hart try a*4 tok bard me* t* sar- Yi»e K. "Your grandfather used to tell about a neighbor who had a job 40 miles from home at 25 cents per day. He would walk home on weekends with a small sack of flour and a jug of molasses for his family who were holding down the homestead."
The letter continues, telling about farm equipment which Broadsword and his two brothers purchased. "They bought a Nichols and Shepard threshing machine in 1889. It was horse- powered and cost 1500. A far cry from today's machines. The letter also told of Broadsword helping a man who had been shot in the jaw in a gun battle in Stockton. In another incident, a man was injured by a bullet in the ankle. Gangrene set in and his leg was amputated at the kaet with a butcher knife and the wound wrapped with jimson weed leaves "while the patient drank all the whiskey in camp." The »Ufy KM, that he died many years afterward. The letter finishes by saying that during the panic of the IWO'i homesteaders left the country to get a fresh start elsewhere. In 1900, wells and creeks dried up and farmers had to haul water from the Solomon River 10 and 12 miles away. Mrs. Broadsword died this year and was buried on the homestead, Broadsword also decided to move on. He loaded up hia goods into covered wagons, bunched his cattle herd, and headed west into new pastures. Israel Broadsword reached the state of Washington. Recorded at the bottom of the letter is the information that he died in Spokane Wash., in 1*2 at the age of m years and MV« "

In 1900 Phillips County, Kansas, John, born August 1857 in Wisconsin, married 18 years to Sarah Jan 1878 Kansas. They have Wesley J. Sep 1882 Nebraska, Sanford R. August 1884 Nebraska, Iola May 1887 Kansas, Matilda A. April 1889 Kansas, Lucy B. May 1891 Kansas. His mother Matilda Outhet January 1810 Vermont, is with them.
In 1910 Yuma County, Hale precinct, John W. Outhet is 53, married ten years (his second) , born in Wisconsin.Mary A. is 32, Kansas, her first marriage, with five kids still living. Emma V. 10, Tinah 9, both born in Kansas, Bessie 6, John I. 4 and Jessie M. 1 all born in Colorado.
In 1920 John and Mary are in Kit Carson County, , with Emma V. 20, Tina E. 18, Bessie J. 16, John I. 14, Jesse M. 11, Gilbert D. 6, and Elsie A. 3 - the last two born in Kansas.
In 1910 Israel Broadsword of Morris Colorado was a witness for the claim of Clarence L. Crist for land in 30, 6S 43W, Kit Carson County.
In 1940 Bonner County, Idaho, George Broadsword is 54, Brothers John J. 60 and James F. 51, father Israel A. 93 Ohio. George Benson 63 is a visitor, born in Maine, and another visitory, Alfred Smith, 57 born in Texasl James and Alfred were in Morgan County, Colorado in 1935.

1944 Idaho's oldest Civil War veteran, 98-year-old Israel A. Broadsword, said today he would cast his ballot for Thomas B. Dewey just as he voted for Republican Abraham Lincoln."

SANDPOINT, Idaho, Dec. 24 (A P)-Israel A. Broadsword, Idahos only surviving Civil War veteran, who celebrated his 101st birthday yesterday, received a medal from Uncle Sam-one that was 82 years overdue. The Civil War Service Medal was presented to Broadsword during the day by Maj. P. V. Smith of the University of Idaho ROTC unit who was designated by the War Department to make the award. Rep. Abe Goff (R.-Idaho) made application to the War Department for the medal last summer when he learned that Broadsword had not received it. Goff said the adjutant general's office could not locate Broadsword's records immediately but later determined that he had been eligible for the award for 82 years.


In 1900 Phillips County, Kansas, John Outhet is farming, born Aug 1857 in Wisconsin, married 18 years to Sarah, Jan 1878 Kansas, with Wesley J. Sep 1882 Nebraska, Dandord R. Aug 1884 Nebraska, Ida M. May 1889 Kansas, Matilda A. April 1889 Kansas, and Lucy B. May 1891 Kansas. Mother Matilda Jan 1810 Vermont is also with them.

Israel Broadsword is in Kit Carson County in 1910, 63, widowed, born in Ohio, with John J. 30 Kansas, George 25 Colorado, James F. 21 Colorado, William 17 Colorado, and Earl 15 Colorado (doesn't match the 1895)

In 1910 Hale precinct, Yuma County, John is 53, Mary 32, Emma V. 10, Tinah E. 9, these three in Kansas. Bessie J. 6, John 4, and son Jessie M. 1, these three born in Colorado.

John Outhet proved up 120 acres in 23, 5S 43W in 1911. He had proved up 40 acres in 2S 16W - Kansas, in 1899, so he couldn't claim a full quarter in Colorado.

John was delinquent on taxes on the Yuma County land in 1913.

In 1920 Kit Carson County, still farming, John is 63, Mary Nora 41, Emma V. 20, Tina 18, Bessie J. 16 John I. 14, Jesse M. 11, Gilbert D. 6, and Elsie A. 3.

Next household is Alvin Broadsword, 20, Lillie 23, and Lela M. five months.

About 1923 John and Mary family. The little girl in the front row is Elsie Annora Outhet

Thanks to Hay Martina

John William Outhet, per # 71961062 - 1856-1932 is buried in Phillips County, Kansas, in the cemetery with his first wife Sarah Jane (Osborn) Outhet - 1867-1894.

Mary Annora (Broadsword) Outhet, per # 79735294, is buried in Sandpoint, Idaho - 1878-1966.

Tina Easter Outhet, per one tree, married Charley Lee Hawley in Burlington, Colorado October 25, 1920, and died Jan 1, 1928 in Burlington. # 131552705 has her buried in Burlington, with Charley 1896-1940 and daughter Wanda 1923-1923.

"Tina Easter Hawley, wife of Charlie Rawley, was born in Phillips County, Kansas April 7th 1901 and died January 20th, 1928 at the age of 26 years, 9 months and 12 days. At the early age of one year her parents moved to Hale, Colorado and at the age of ten years to the vicinity of Burlington. Here she lived the greater part of her life. Seven years ago the fifth of last October she was united in marriage to Charley Hawley. Seldom have two lives been blended in a brighter and happier companionship. Each seemed to just need the life of the other for perfect joy and happy companionship. A few weeks ago there came a sudden illness from which all believed Tina was steadily recovering when a few days ago there came a relapse which soon fortold that the end was near. Her life was humble, sincere and calmly devoted to her home and her husband. He was cheerfully optomistic always seeing the bright and hopeful side and offering a word of cheer and hope for everyone. But the Divine ways are past finding out. Almost while friends and loved ones were most hopeful the end came. The days of suffering were over. At last came peace and rest. She leaves a sincerely consecrated and devoted husband, father, mother, three brothers, three sisters and a large circle of associates and friends. "


Oketo Kansas - Wesley J. Outlet died at a Marysville hospital on April 7, 1971. He was 88. He is survived by three sons, Fred and Roy of Oketo, and William oF Boise, Idaho; three daughters, Mrs. Lester (Clarice) Brooks, Oketo, Mrs. James (Maxine) Warren, Wymore, Mrs Edward (Jean) Prochaska, Baltimore Maryland."


Matilda Ann (Outhet) Wade, 1888-1965 is buried in Saline County, Nebraska, per # 101345841.


Mary M. Outhet was born at Rulo, Neb., November 21, 1859, and died at the hospital at Beatrice, Neb., June 20, 1916, aged 56 years, 7 months and 30 days. She came to Marshall county with her parents in 1868, locating on a farm near Oketo, and was a resident of this vicinity continuously until the time of her death. On May 2, 1877, she was united in marriage to Mr. Matthew Kelly. To this union was born nine children, eight boys and one girl, three of her sons preceding her in death. She leaves to mourn her untimely death her husband, Matthew Kelly, five sons and one daughter, who are Mark of Marysville; Charley of Greeley, Colo.; Merritt of DeWitt, Neb.; William and Sidney of Oketo, and Mrs. R. R. Diest of Rockford, Neb.; three sisters, one brother and eleven grandchildren, all of whom were present at the funeral except one sister and three of the grandchildren. Mrs. Kelly was a good Christian woman ever willing and ready to do all in her power for those in distress. She longed to help them and did help them so far as she was able. The modest, gentle graces of this good woman and her expressions of trust in Christ as her Redeemer, is a legacy which she leaves her sorrowing husband and children. The funeral services were conducted from the Methodist church in this city Friday, June 23, by Rev. J. H. Marsoon and interment was made in the Oketo cemetery. Card of Thanks We wish to thank the many friends and neighbors who so kindly assisted us during the illness and after the daeth of our beloved wife and mother, also for the beautiful floral offerings. Matthew Kelly and family. (Note: Matthew Kelly was born April 1856 in Illinois. Mary M. Outhet was born November 21, 1859 in Rulo, Neb.; and died June 20, 1916 at Beatrice, Neb.) (Oketo Eagle, July 6, 1916, Submitted by Linda Outhet Chang) "


Emma Violet (Outhet) Hoppe - 1899-1986 is buried in Phillips County, Kansas, per # 116140454.

Bessie June Jacober 1903-1991 is buried in Crown Hill, Jefferson County, Colorado, per # 53106803.

Christian "Chris" Jacober, son of John and Marie (Matteis-Matties) Jacober, was born 15 December 1897, in Globeville, CO and on 14 September 1921, in Burlington, CO was married to Bessie June Outhet, daughter of John William and Mary Annora "Nora" (Broadsword) Outhet. Bessie was born 18 June 1903 in Yuma County, Colorado, near Hale. In 1922 Chris took over the operation of his parent's homestead about 17 miles north of Burlington. He and Bessie continued to farm there until 1951 when they moved into Burlington.

While they were on the farm they were blessed with five children: John Chris "Jake" born 10 Sept. 1922; Dortha Viola born 20 May 1925; Edwin Chris born 20 August 1927; Darlene Josephene born 10 Sept. 1929 and Elmer James born 7 November 1931.

The children all attended Columbine School District # 3 about a mile or so southwest of their home. Their lunchboxes were syrup buckets which they also sometimes used for playing kickball on the way home. Lunch might even consist of syrup sandwiches when times were hard. When they were fortunate enough to get a bucket of jelly or jam with the bright emblem on it, they all wanted that one for their lunchbox.

With the depression, the onslaught of the "dirty 30's" and five children to feed, it was hard to keep food on the table; but by working together and working hard, they persevered. There were times the old chickens had hardly enough fat on them to even make soup, but the family stuck together. The boys did some trapping of skunks, muskrats, coyotes and sold their fur. A good skunk or muskrat fur would bring $4.50 to $5.50 and an average skunk about $2 to $2.50, a jackrabbit about 25 cents.

John worked at CCC Camp when he was about 16 years old and Ed worked at the farm of Floyd Jacobsen. When World War II started Chris and Bessie's son John and their son-in-law, Clarence "John" Schlosser, Jr. both served in the Navy. Following in the Navy tradition, their other two sons, Ed and Elmer and another son-in-law, Ben Nix, served in the Navy during the Korean War. Two of their grandsons, Steve and Ed Schlosser, also served in the Navy in the Vietnam War. In 1951 Chris and Bessie moved into Burlington as all three boys were still in the Navy and the two girls both married and away from home. They bought a small house in the east part of town. Chris worked part time at one of the elevators in town. When Ed and Elmer returned from the Korean War, Elmer married Vivian Sailer and Ed married Alice Barnhart.

Dorothy had married Clarence "John" Schlosser, Jr. and Darlene married Ben Nix of Texas. John, "Jake", spent 20 active years and 10 inactive years in the Navy and during that time he married Patricia Travis of Massachusetts. Chris and Bessie lived in their home in Burlington until November 1959 when they moved to Lakewood, CO. near Ed and Elmer's families. Chris enjoyed woodworking projects and was official "master of the barbecue" at family gatherings. In November 1963 they moved into a small house in Wheat Ridge, CO. and were living there when Chris died very suddenly on May 15, 1967. Since Chris passed away Bessie has lived with her son Ed's family and now resides with them near Westcliffe, CO.; Dortha and "John" also live in Westcliffe; John "Jake" and Pat live in Wheat Ridge, CO.; Darlene and Ben in Edgewater, CO.; and Elmer and Vivian in Lakewood, CO.


Edwin Chris Jacober Funeral services were held, Monday, July 18, 2011 at Olinger Crown Hill Cemetery, Wheat Ridge for Edwin Chris Jacober who went to his heavenly home Tuesday, July 12, 2011. He passed away at Parkview Hospital, Pueblo at the age of 83 years, 9 months, 22 days. Ed was the third child of Christian "Chris" and Bessie June (Outhet) Jacober. He was born at their farm north of Burlington on Aug. 20, 1927. After completing his education at the Columbine School, he worked for neighboring farmers doing various chores and construction such as silos. In 1950 during the Ko-rean War, he joined the Navy and served as Gunner's Mate on the aircraft carrier, U.S.S. Sicily, until 1954 when he received his honorable discharge. He then attended Emily Griffith Opportunity School in Denver to learn the auto body and paint trade. The next 25 years were spent painting cars in the Denver area, 12 years with Johnnie Harper Motors and 13 years with Craig Chevrolet. On April 21, 1956 Ed married Alice Mae Barnhart at the Lutheran Church in Burlington. Two children were born to this union; a son, Mark Allan in 1957 and a daughter, Marilyn Alice in 1963. Ed was fortunate enough to retire from auto painting in 1981 and moved to Westcliffe. Ed loved to tinker on things to see if he could fix them. In most cases he could make them work again. He was a master Mister Fix-It. These years were some of the happiest for him en-joying the clean, fresh air and watching the elk, deer, etc. From 1981 to 1993 Ed and Alice read rural electric meters for Sangre De Cristo Electric Association. Ed was baptized and confirmed in the Lutheran Church. On June 5, 2002 he was baptized and became a member of the First Baptist Church in Westcliffe. Ed was preceded in death by his parents; a daughter-in-law, Jacquie Jacober; a brother, John Chris Jacober; brothers-in-law, John Schlosser and Ben Nix. Surviving Ed are his wife, Alice; son, Mark; daughter, Marilyn; sisters, Dortha Schlosser and Dar-lene Nix; brother, Elmer "Jake" (Vivian) Jacober and many other relatives and friends. Ed was a devoted husband and father, good friend, and hard worker. His love for his Lord and Saviour showed through in his everyday life and the example he set for others. He will be greatly missed by all who knew him. Those wishing to make memorial contributions can do so to Special Olympics Colorado.


John I. Outhet - 1906-1959 is buried in Yakima County, Washington, per # 77114364

"Funeral services were held Saturday, Mar. 14, at 11 a.m. from the chapel of the Smith Funeral Home in Sunnyside, Wash., for John I. Outhet, who passed away Mar. 11. Rev. G. Tuttle conducted the service and interment was in the Lower Valley Memorial Garden. Mr. Outhet lived in Sandpoint for a number of years and also in Wenatchee, Wash., before moving to Sunnyside where he has been engaged as a painint contractor for the past 10 years. Survivors include one daughter, Mrs. Louise Davis, Yakima, his mother, Mrs. Nora Outhet, Sandpoint, two brothers, Jesse of Sandpoint and Gilbert of Sunnyside, three sisters, Mrs. Emma Hoppie of Phillipsburg, Kan., Mrs. Bessie Jacober of Burlington, Colo., and Mrs. Elsie Easton of Sunnysie and two grandchildren. (Submitted by Linda Outhet Chang) "

Jesse Marion Outhet 1908-1967 is buried in Sandpoint, Idaho, per # 79733470.


Gilbert D. Outhet - 1913-1988 is buired in Yakima County, Washington, per # 77113468.


Elsie A. Eastin - 1916-1985 is buried in Kellogg, Idaho, per # 14833720

William Kreoger, living in Kit Carson county and actively identified with farming interests, was born in Germany in the year 1854 and came to the United States in 1871. His education had been acquired in the schools of his native land and he was reared in the family of an aunt. On crossing the Atlantic he took up his abode in Wisconsin and went to work on a farm at six dollars per month in the winter seasons, while in the summer he received ten dollars per month. He was employed in that way for seven years, spending his time on three different farms. In 1878 he removed westward to Kansas, where he homesteaded and proved up on his property in 1885. In the year 1882 he began herding cattle and also continued his active farm operations. He had to haul water eight miles for an entire year. Later he bought some school land in Phillips county, Kansas, of which he is still the owner. The year 1902 witnessed his arrival in Kit Carson county, Colorado, at which time he settled on section 29 of the northeast quarter of 43 range, township 6. He secured one hundred and sixty acres of land, but afterward removed to another quarter section to the southwest. At a still later- period he purchased his present place, at which time a quarter section of land sold for one hundred dollars. For a considerable period Mr. Kreoger was actively identified witli farming interests in this section of the state and contributed much to the agricultural development.
Mr. Kreoger was married in Kansas In 1881 to Miss Emma Hoff, who was born in Illinois and passed away in 1888, her remains being interred in Kansas. The chil- dren of this marriage are as follows: Lewis, the eldest, married Mary Broadsword, by whom he has two children, and they are now living upon the old homestead with his father, Lewis devoting his attention to the further development and improvement of the place. Charles, also living in the same locality and actively following farming, married Pearl Inman and they have three children. Louise died in Kansas at the age of three months.
In politics Mr. Kreoger has usually voted with the republican party but Is a member of the Nonpartisan League. He belongs to the Modern Woodmen of America and he has many friends in this organization and throughout the community in which he resides. He has lived to witness many changes here and with the pioneer develop- ment has been closely associated. When he came to his homestead there were only three houses between his place and Burlington, a distance of sixteen miles. He lived in a dugout for seven years after coming to the county, but throu.gh his business enterprise, energy and integrity he won success so that when his sons were old enough to take the responsibility of managing the farm they had a very good start in life. Mr. Kreoger made all the improvements upon the place and where years ago he occupied a sod house and dugout there stands today a nice modern residence which is a monumet to his progressive spirit and business enterprise.

Israel's brother Jacob Broadsword 1849-1917 married Sarah Ann Edwards - 1871-1955. They had Mary Alice 1890, Lucy Ann 1894, Alvin Jacob 1898, and Ruth Lela 1910.

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