Yuma County, Colorado

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Yuma County Pioneer Photographs:

Edward Moses Patten and Harriet Jane Marselus Patten

Jennie Marie Patten


Harriet Jane Marselus was born in Amsterdam, New York, Sept. 4, 1856; died in Yuma, Colorado, May 3, 1896, daughter of David Marselus and wife Sarah Knights. She was married by Rev. G. H. Robertson D.D. in her father's home near Sandwich, Illinois, Jan. 22, 1879 to Hon. Edward M. Patten, born in his father's home three miles north of Sandwich, Illinois, Aug. 6, 1849, son of Hon. William Patten and wife Elizabeth Pratt. Elizabeth Pratt was the daughter of Simon Newcomb Pratt and wife Deborah Isabel Nelson of Cossayuna, Washington County, New York.

Mr. and Mrs. Patten, after their marriage, removed to Collins, Iowa, arriving there March 6, 1879. They lived in Collins nine years, and then settled on their land three miles south-east of Yuma, Colorado. The date of their arrival in Yuma was March 25, 1888. Mr. Patten was elected mayor of Yuma April 7, 1908  (conflicts with local history books, which say he was mayor in 1888) and held other offices of trust (judge, for one).

Edward proved up a quarter in section 2, 1N 48W in 1897 (his cousin, Jennie M. Johnston CHRISMER, did a cash claim in 1890 for a quarter in 4, 2N 48W.  Edward's father William Patten and Jennie's aunt Mary L. Pratt were witnesses at the ceremony, performed by the Presbyterian Minister on October 14, 1889) ., and another cousin, Sarah Maria Johnston, married Samuel Raugh (1842-1904)  Sam came west with a team of oxen, eventually arriving in Colorado Territory.  He worked as a miner in Black Hawk for several years.  In 1871, he came to the plains to raise cattle.  In 1883, he purchased land six miles south of Brush, where he built a home and raised cattle and horses.  His prized livestock was sold throughout the state, with several head being purchased by Buffalo Bill Cody.  He married Sarah in Yuma in 1894.  The couple had one chlid Mildred, born in 1895.  Sam died in February 1904.  Sarah managed the ranch and the cattle business.  She built a home in Brush in 1911, where she frequently entertained.  She was an active member of the community and the Presbyterian Church.  Their daughter Mildred, a graduate of the Brush school system, died at age thirty-four.  Sarah died of a heart attack in January 1934.)

Children, born in Collins, Iowa:

1. William David Patten, born Nov. 18, 1879; died Nov. 20, 1879

2. Mary Louise Patten, born April 6, 1881, near Collins, Iowa; was graduated from the Brush  High School; taught the following year at Brush; ; died in St. Luke's Hospital in Denver, Colorado, July 6, 1901 after an operation for appendicitis.


The sad news reached here from Denver Saturday night that Miss Mae Patten had
died of appendicitis. The remains were brought here Sunday afternoon and the
funeral services held in the Methodist Church Monday afternoon. The remains were
interred at Brush Cemetery.

The Brush Tribune
Brush, Colorado
July 5, 1901


Miss Mary Louise Patten died in Denver at St. Luke's Hospital, Saturday, July 6,
1901. Mary (Mae) Louise Patten was 20 years of age.

The early years of her life were spent in Iowa. From there she came with her
parents to Yuma where she lived until four years ago, when she and her aunt and
sister moved to Brush, where she attended the high school and, under the
instruction of Prof. Stueland, graduated with honors in the class of 1900.

She was chosen a teacher of the primary department of the high school and proved
a valuable and most faithful teacher.

She was a noble Christian character, who believed in making every effort to live
up to her profession. She had a large class of young boys in the Sunday school
who were all present at her funeral. They were under her care and will miss her
sadly. She was also an earnest worker in the C.E. and her presence in the choir
and at the organ will be missed.

The funeral services were held at the Presbyterian Church Monday afternoon.
After the services the remains were borne to the cemetery and tenderly laid to

The Brush Tribune
Brush, Colorado
July 12, 1901

  (May 9, 1901 the Pioneer said "Ed Patten is in Brush this week.  On election day he will leave Brush with his daughter's remains which he will place in the Patten lot in Oak Mound cemetery at Sandwich, Illinois."

The remains of Miss Mae Patten were yesterday disinterred from their temporary
resting place in the Brush Cemetery and shipped to Sandwich, Illinois, where
they will be laid in the family burial ground. Her father, E. M. Patten, left
with the remains last night.

The Brush Tribune
Brush, Colorado
November 22, 1901 



3. Sara Elizabeth Patten, born March 31, 1883 near Collins, Iowa, and was graduated from the Northern Illinois Normal School, at DeKalb, Illinois, June 15, 1905..

4. Ethel Abigail Patten, born May 7, 1885 near Collins, Iowa, and was graduated from the Sandwich, Illinois High School June 9, 1905.; married in the home of her uncle, Charles J. Patten, in Sandwich, Illinois, April 14, 1906 to Clare Everett Lett. He was the son of Samuel and Phoebe L. (Nichols) Lett and was born in Northville Township, LaSalle County, Illinois, Aug. 12, 1885.

Children, born near Sandwich, Illinois:

A. Helen Virginia Lett, born in Northville Town- ship, LaSalle County, Illinois, Sept. 16 1907.

B. Charles Patten Lett, born in Little Rock Town- ship, Kendall County, Illinois, March 16, 1910.

 C. Phoebe Elizabeth Lett, born near Sandwich, Ill., Dec. 7, 1911.

D. Harriet Louise Lett, born near Sandwich, Ill., April 6, 1914.

E. Clarebelle Jean Lett, born near Sandwich, Ill., Aug. 12 1920.

5. Albert Edward Patten, born June 19, 1887 near Collins, Iowa, attended school at Lake Winona, Indiana; married near Sandwich, Illinois, April 11, 1917, Laura Lesley Cook, daughter of Dr. William Wesley Cook and wife Rebecca Robertson of Chicago, Illinois.

6.  Jennie Grace Jane Patten, born near Yuma, Colorado, April 17, 1890; attended Northwestern University, Evanston,  married in the home of her aunt, Miss Rachel Jane Knights, near Sandwich, Illinois, Sept. 17, 1913, Albert Nelson Boyd. Albert N. Boyd was born near Newark, Ill. Aug. 21, 1885, son of Axel Boyd and wife Augusta Weeks, and had issue;

A. Annette Jane Boyd, born near Sandwich, Ill., Sept. 3, 1917.

In 1899

The Pioneer mentions Miss Mae Patten going to school at Brush, and "E. M. Patten coming down from Brush." 


"Miss Jennie" lived with her brother Edward'. In 1900 Edward 50, Mary L 19, Elizabeth 17, and Jennie 45 are in Brush, Morgan County.

In 1902 "Miss Patten has moved into the John Gardner residence"

In 1905 "Miss Jennie Patten started Monday for Chicago and other points in Illinois for an extended visit.  She will visit in Oklahoma on her way home."

In 1909 "Miss Lizzie Patten, teacher in district seventeen, will leave shortly for Sandwich, Illinois, where she will spend the holidays."

March 18, 1910 "E. M. Patten received a telegram Tuesday announcing the death of his sister in Chicago."

In 1910 Edward 60 and Elizabeth 27 are in Yuma.  Elizabeth is a teacher.  They're on the same census page as my great-grandmother, and because Edward was a mayor about that time, they're probably in the town.

In 1910

and in 1911

In 1908 the Pioneer reported "Mr. and Mrs. Marcelus and son of York, Neb., visited this week with their relatives, Miss Jennie and Ed Patten."

1910 "Miss Jennie Patten, who has been visiting in Chicago for the past eleven months, returned home Friday afternoon.  Miss Mable McGougall, her neice (sic) accompanied her for a few month's visit."

1914 "Miss Jennie Patten of Yuma, is visiting her cousin, Mrs. Sarah Raugh. Brush Republican."

1915 "Miss Lizzie Patten came down from Denver on Tuesday evening's train and is visiting with her father, E.M. Patten, south of town."

In 1928 James A. and Henry J. Patten -prominent many years on the Chicago Board of trade, published a book by Miss Jennie Patten, who now lives near Yuma, Colorado, on The History of the Somonauk United Presbyterian Church - near Sandwich, DeKalb County, Illinois.

One Ancestry tree said Edward died January 14, 1930 in Yuma -

In 1940 Jennie was living at 508 South Birch, Yuma

Jennie Patten was born November 27, 1854 near Sandwich , Illinois, to the Honorable William and Elizabeth Patten

She attended Monmouth Seminary for a time and then took nurses training, in New York city. She came to Yuma in 1895, making her home with brother, Edward, whose wife had died in 1896. She made her home with him, helping to care for his Children. After his death in 1930, She spent the next ten years in her own home in Yuma .(This house is the only one in Yuma with a widow's walk a top of the roof.It was the former home of Dr. Gardiner.) (She purchased her home in 1903 for $700.00)

Aunt Jennie was was continuously making plans for improving or repairing church properties and in the pioneer days when the church was without a pastor, she was one of a few who worked diligently to keep the Sunday School alive. For years she had taken a deep interest in family history and genealogy, compiling and publishing several books on history  of the Patten Family. She also published and compiled ' The Somonauk Book'' a history of the United Presbyterian Church. In 1910, she became a member of the Fort Morgan chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution and traced many others of that organization.

 One of her great interest in Yuma was the library, being the first to instill an interest in others. For a suitable building and always insisting upon the best. She donated a large number of books and served on the library board ever since it was organized.

Miss Patten was a member of the Yuma Women's club, the South Side Country Club, The WCTU Westminster Bible Class and the Social Service Sewing Circle. She also held a life membership in the National Historical Society.

Jenny enjoyed entertaining her cousin Jenny Chrismer and family, especially on the 4th of July, on her tree shaded lawn in Yuma. She remembered a day spent at the Chrismer ranch. When driving home with her horse and buggy, a heavy swarm of grasshoppers surrounded the area, covering the wheels of the buggy, and being crushed by them. This was worse than dust and wind, or drought. Jennie died in her home on May 7 1940, and was buried at Oak Mound Cemetery in Sandwich Illinois

Jennie shares a tombstone with her brother Simon Nelson Patten (1852-1922), an American economist and social theorist. He is credited with inventing the term "Social Work" and with first expression of the idea of a society of affluence or abundance later also developed by another economist, John Kenneth Galbraith.

THE EDMOND ENTERPRISE (Edmond, Oklahoma County, OK)
8-24-1911 LONG LIFE IS ENDED (Thursday)
Mrs. Jane Patten Passes Peaceably Away at the Advanced Age of 82 Tuesday evening at 8:45 o'clock Mrs. Jane Somes Patten, after just a short illness, passed away at her residence, 113 E. Hurd, at the advanced age of 82. For some years she had been in failing health by reason of her advanced age, and the illness that came upon her last week found her so much weakened that death was the result. While this event was not unexpected, it came none the less with a shock of surprise to the whole community. With her at the time of her death were three of her children, Mr. Fredrick Patten of Kingfisher, together with W.S. and Alexander Patten of this city.
Mrs. Jane Somes Patten was born April 17, 1829, in Argyle, Washington county, N.Y., August 12, 1856, she was married to Hon. William Patten, a prominent member of the Illinois legislature and later captain of company "B" 140th Ill. Volunteers, at that time residing at Sandwich, Ill. To them were born five children, Mr. Charles J. Patten, now a prominent capitalist of Sandwich, Ill., Mrs. Anna Patten McDougall, whose death occurred here in Edmond about a year and a half ago, Alexander R. Patten and William E. Patten, president of the First National Bank of this city, both residing here, and Mr. Fredrick L. Patten, a prominent banker of Kingfisher. In addition to these children there were her husband's three children by a former marriage, who also came under her loving mother care: Edward M. Patten, now residing at Yuma, Colo., and Miss Jennie Patten, also residing at Yuma, Colo., and Prof. Hinum(?) N. Patten, now Professor of political economy in the University of Pennsylvania, a famous scholar and the author of half a dozen well known books on organic and sociological subjects.
In February 1897 occurred the death of her husband, which led to her coming to Oklahoma to make her home in Edmond, whither son William had already come. This was twelve years ago, but previous to coming to Edmond, she had resided some time in Iowa and California.
During her twelve years residence here, she has endeared herself to a large circle of friends, who have learned to love her and who are sad today that they
will see her face in flesh no more.
The funeral service was held Wednesday afternoon at the residence, and the house was filled with friends, who covered the casket with flowers in token of their love for their departed loved one. The service was conducted by Rev. A.L. Wardner, Jr. pastor of the First Presbyterian church of Edmond, of which she was a member. The music was by the Presbyterian choir, who sang three of her favorite hymns.
After the service at the home, the body was born by loving hands to the Santa
Fe depot, from which the funeral party started north on its long journey to Sandwich, Ill., where the funeral services will be held and interment take
Met his wife in the West. Charles drove to Omaha where he bought 2 mules and drove to Colorado in a covered wagon to homestead. In the winter, he would ride horseback to Oklahoma to drive his cattle to feed and then drive them back to Colorado for the summer. Relatives of Charles are living in that part of the country. (source: Catherine Codori Cole)
Charles Codori Chrismer was the 4th son of Susan Codori and John Edwin Chrismer. He was born in Gettysburg, Adams Co., Pa. on January 2, 1862. John Chrismer owned a bakery in Gettysburg and raised horses as a hobby. During the Battle of Gettysburg, the family took refuge in the basement of the bakery where a spent bullet fell into the cradle holding Charles. The cradle is still in the family. John Edwin Chrismer's horses pulled the carriage Lincoln rode in from the train station to the platform where the President delivered his Gettysburg Address.
When Charles was 16 or 17 years of age, he moved to St. Louis, Missouri and for a number of years followed his trade of cigar-maker on the steamboats making regular trips up and down the Mississippi River. After leaving the River, he worked on several stock ranches west of the Mississippi making his way to Hastings, Nebraska where he again worked at his trade of making cigars.
In the spring of 1884 he joined other travelers with his oxen to follow the prospective line of the Burlington and Missouri Railroad Company being built from Arkansas to Denver, Colorado. He wandered alone with oxen near the present Brush, Colorado, being assisted by friendly Indians who helped him survive. The following year (1885) he filed a homestead claim north of Yuma, Colorado and in 1886 moved west permanently to take up residence at that homestead. For a few years after locating in Yuma, he was foreman of the Raugh Home Ranch which was located in Brush. This ranch owned up to 2000 head of horses, some of which were traded to Wild Bill Cody and his Wild West Show.
When working his way west Charles wanded on the farm of A. Nesbit in H., Illinois and became acquainted with Nesbit relatives: Mary Pratt and her niece Jennie M. Johnson of United, Wisconsin. He talked the ladies to come to Yuma to file homestead claims which they did. Charles and Jennie were married. (source: Janet Darrington)

James A. Patten, the Wheat King

James A. Patten was described as a plain, blunt, forceful man, who always spoke his mind. He was born May 8, 1852 at Freeland Corners, IL. (Someone may correct me, but I believe Freeland Corners is north of Somonauk, IL.) He was the son of Alexander and Agnes (Beveridge) Patten. He was educated in the local school and did some farming before moving to Chicago. On April 9, 1885, he married Amanda Louisa Buchanan. They had three children.

In 1878, James Patten and his brother George W. began to trade in grain and would soon dominate the market. In just a few years, James Patten would become known as the “wheat king” amid allegations that he had cornered the market. Later, he would trade in corn and cotton. In 1901, he held 4,000,000 bushels of corn which he had bought at $.38 and traded at $.41, making a profit of $100,000. In May 1905, he may have cornered the wheat market and as a result made millions of dollars.

Sometime after their marriage, Mr.and Mrs. Patten moved to Evanston, IL and built a large home which for many years was the showplace of the city. (In 1901, James Patten was elected mayor of Evanston.) Their home was located at 1426 Ridge Avenue and was built of “massive, rough-hewn limestone.” The architect was George Maher and the house contained twenty-two rooms, eight bathrooms, 15 fireplaces, a large ballroom and a stable that became a ten-car garage. The original cost was $500,000. When Mr. Patten died in 1928, the house was left to his widow. When Mrs. Patten died in 1935, the property was left to her two living children. They in turn gave the house and its contents to Northwestern University. Unable to use the property because of zoning restrictions, the University sold the house to wreckers for $65,000 and built nine single family homes on the property. The old iron fence may still be in place. Perhaps someone in Evanston can tell us.

A newspaper reporter talked about the thistle plant motif “which runs all over the Patten house, in stone, wood, brass, and even wallpaper . . . but this brambly botanical theme, hinting at the Scotch ancestry of the family, failed to give the needed graceful relief. The design, like the plant itself, is harsh and inedible.” The contents of the house were sold at an auction. On one Sunday afternoon, a reported 15,000 people visited the old house. Everything was sold, fine jewelry, china, glassware, silver and 114 oil paintings.

The Chicago Daily Tribune estimated Mr. Patten’s wealth at the time of his death to be more than $20 million, half of which would go to charity upon the death of his wife and the remainder to his two children. Northwestern University was not mentioned in the will but had already received more than two million dollars in gifts.  I could find no evidence that Mr. Patten was a member of the Illinois Saint Andrew’s Society but he was a contributor and once made a donation of $5,000 which was given to James B. Forgan and several others men who visited his office.

Mr. Patten owned considerable property in Chicago including the land at the northwest corner of Michigan and Monroe. This is the land on which the University Club now stands. I found this interesting since I was once a member of the club. Mr. Patten had purchased the property from the International Harvester Company in 1915 and the land was under lease for 108 years at an annual rental of $45,000. At the time of his gift, the land was valued at $1.5 million. The land and other items were placed with the Chicago Community Trust and the income was to be used for charitable purposes. I assume this trust is still in existence but you cannot determine the present value from their web site. During the Great Depression, the holdings in real estate and securities “shrank to only $2,000,000...”

Mrs. Patten died January 26, 1935, at Evanston Hospital. She was 76 years old and died of heart problems. The newspaper reports that her children, “John L. Patten of Evanston and Miami, FL. and Mrs. Agnes Patten Wilder of Santa Barbara, CA. were at her bedside when death came.” Also at the hospital were, a brother-in-law, Henry Patten, and a niece, Miss Ada Belle McCleery.

The funeral for Mr. Patten (1928) was held at the First Presbyterian church in Evanston and hundreds were in attendance. The a-cappella choir from Northwestern sang and three Presbyterian ministers conducted the service. The church had also received a gift of $50,000 from Mr. Patten. Mrs. Patten’s funeral (1935) was held in the old mansion in Evanston. Burial was at the Oak Mound cemetery in Somonouk, IL. The newspaper does not mention the place of burial for Mr. Patten but I would assume he is also at the Oak Mound cemetery.

More than 15 years ago one of our history tours was to the Somonouk area. We visited the old Presbyterian church which is still very active. They entertained us with their history and refreshments. We then visited the cemetery. The Scottish grandmother of Governor James Thompson is also buried in this cemetery. I don’t remember visiting the Patten’s grave probably because I didn’t yet know their history.

There is so much more to the story but this gives an insight into the life of one very successful Scot who like so many others did it with hard work and little formal education.
William Patten ~ 1817-1897 ~ Child of Mary Robertson/James. b. in East Greenwich, Washington Co. NY; died while on a visit at the home of his son, Edward in Yuma, Colorado, aged 80. He was not quite 12 years old when his father, James, died and until 1843, except 4 years in the store with his Uncle Moses Robertson in East Greenwich, his home was with his mother on a farm. Deciding to go west that year, he made the home of George Beveridge, in Somonauk, IL, his objective, arriving there in 1843. He returned to NY and in 1843, married his first wife, Elizabeth Nelson Pratt. Children: James Miller Patten (1845-1849), Simon Newcomb Patten (1847-1848). Soon after his marriage he returned to Illinois to prepare a home for his bride and widowed mother. The following spring, 1844, his wife and mother, his sister Martha and two brothers came west. The latter lived on a farm rented from James Scott, about 3 miles east of their own land in Little Rock. The following Autumn he completed his house which was 3 miles north of the site on which Newark Station (now Sandwich) was later located. The house was 20 feet square and had 12 ft. posts, with plants dovetailed at the corners. It had rooms on the story above, and still exists as part of an outbuilding. On January 1, 1845, the young couple moved into their new home. He stood for clean politics in his county and state and took a prominent part in public affairs. He was a leader in securing the location of Newark Station and convincing the railroad company of that fact. Being on the board of Supervisors, he voted for an appropriation of $5,000 to build the first jail. Petty criminals had been encouraged to escape prior to this time for want of a place to keep them. Those charged with greater crimes were taken care of by the sheriff or deputy by chaining them to their arm. He was elected 5 times supervisor of Somonauk, IL township and served 2 terms in the Illinois House of Representatives 1854-55, 1858-59. He was elected state senator 1866-070. He voted for Lincoln. He was one of the first two ruling elders elected in the Somonauk, IL United Presbyterian Church and served in that capacity for 40 years. At President's Lincoln's call for volunteers he helped recruit the first company from Sandwich, accompanying the boys as far as Cairo, where they were the second company to arrive. They were cheered along the way until they reached Centralia, after which there was less enthusiasm. Near Cairo, however, one lone old man came running down a hill waving the stars and stripes and cheering with all his might. In response, the boys nearly raised the car roofs cheering him and his flag. He recruited other companies of volunteers and went to the front as Captain of Company H, 156's Illinois Volunteers, in response to President Lincoln's last call in the winter of 1865, though past 45 years of age. Progressive in his efforts to promote the welfare of the community, he was also progressive in his vocation as a farmer. It is said that he bought and erected the first windmill in De Kalb Co. It was the Halliday, made in Batavia, IL. The investment saved him several hours each day pumping water by hand to water a large stock. He was also the first man in Somonauk, IL to utilize drain tiles. When he got his 500 acre farm drained to suit him, he had under its surface a network of six miles of tiling. Married second Jane Somes, born in Argyle, NY.4

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